About apples

APPLES

aug-sept = early // sept-okt = midseason // okt-nov = late

Harvest: good / medium / small

Cultivation zone 1-8

Aroma     

Aroma originates from Sweden from Balsgård. The variety is also known as “Aroma Balsgård”. Aroma is or has been suitable for cultivation in plantations / gardens. The apple is mainly an eating apple also good for must / cider / food apple.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating / cooking / cider

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Adam’s Pearmain apple

An old dessert apple with a sharp and juicy texture. The taste is on the dry sharp side, with a mix of subtly sweet, nutty flavors that go very well with cheese. The juice has a nice pink color. The fruit can be stored until March

Rating: 5

Use: For eating

Maturity: Late

Harvest: medium to good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sun or partial shade, preferably in nutrient-rich and well-drained soil

Alice apple

Swedish species originating from the seeds of Ingrid Marie. Apples – Flat round apple, red on the sunny side and gold on the shadow side. Medium-sized round and beautiful apples. Sweet with an aromatic taste. Ripens in September and lasts until October. Heavy-growing trees coming early. Durable sort. Requires another apple nearby for pollination.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating / cooking

Maturity: Midseason

Harvest: Medium

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Astrakhan (white) apple

White Astrakhan is originally from Russia. The variety is also known by the synonym Astrakhan White / Ice Apple, Glass Apple, Muscovite. White Astrakhan is a seedling formed in 1790. White Astrakhan is or has been suitable for cultivation in plantations / gardens.

Rating: 5

Use: eating apple (/ cider)

Maturation: Early

Harvest: Medium

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Belle de Boskoop

Belle de Boskoop comes from Holland from Boskoop. Belle de Boskoop is a mutation of Reinette de Montfort which was formed in 1856. The variety is or has been used extensively. Belle de Boskoop is or has been suitable for cultivation in plantations / gardens.

Rating: 5

Use: Cooking / cider

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Beauty of Bath apple

English variety from 1864. Strong tree with good fertility. Flat round, rather small fruit. Sour taste. The fruit falls easily. Good resistance to scab.

Rating: 4

Use: Suitable both as an eating apple and a kitchen apple

Maturity: Early / Midseason

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sun or partial shade, preferably in nutrient-rich and well-drained soil

Bramley apple

The variety is triploid and produces large trees and fruits. The apples are often irregular and clumsy. The meat is rich in vitamins and yellow-green. A very good household apple that can be stored well into the late winter.

Rating: 5

Use: Very good for cider, juice and cooking

Maturity: midseason / late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: preferably drained and sunny, can also handle many types of soil, fertilize moderately

Brown’s Cider Apple

Cider variant from South Devon, England around 1895. Mild bitter sour, red pulp, good quality and healthy. The squeezed juice can be used as it is and gives excellent apple juice. Need other apples for pollination

Rating: 5

Usage: Cider and cooking

Maturity: midseason / Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Thrives best in warm and sunny location.

Elsebråne Old orange Cox apple

A nice old, very fertile apple variety from Elsebråne. Cox type, unknown variety, fine color, aromatic and tasty.

Rating: 4

Use: For eating / cooking

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Ellis bitter apple

An old variant is believed to have originated on the farm of a Mr Ellis of Newton St Cyres, South Devon. The large conical fruits have white, sharp, juicy sweet flesh that is slightly astringent. A medium bittersweet variety that produces a good quality cider.

Rating: 5

Use: Cider

Maturity: midseason

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Fillippa    

Filippa comes from Denmark from Fyn from Hundstrup, Södra Fyn. Filippa is a seedling formed 1850. The variety is or has been used extensively. Filippa is or has been suitable for cultivation in plantations / gardens.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Frederik

New Swedish variety. The fruit is medium-sized, rounded, yellow-green with orange-red streaks. Mild aromatic spicy taste. Growth: Medium with relatively long branches. Good resistance to scabies, diseases. The taste is reminiscent of ‘Aroma’ but is a little more spicy. Has won several taste tests and gave very good results in organic farming experiments.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating

Maturity: midseason

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Yellow Gråsten apple

Due to its high quality, the apple has been a very popular apple and many variations of it have appeared over time. Yellow Gråsten is considered to be the original apple. Descended probably from Denmark and Gråsten Castle. The variety is about 300 years old and is sometimes called the Rolls Royce of apples. The apple is sour and sweet, smells fantastic and fits both dessert apple and food apple.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating / cooking / cider

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Medium

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Yellow Richard apple

A nice apple. Medium-sized fruit. Pale blue-green light green. The flesh is white, firm, fine, slightly sour to sweet, ‘special’ and very nice taste. Comes from Mecklenburg in Germany and has been grown for at least 200 years.

Rating: 4

Use: For eating

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Medium

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Hampus apple

An old very popular summer apple cultivated tree from grandma and grandma’s time green with brown-red streaks a very good apple to eat directly from the tree

Rating: 5

Use: For eating

Maturation: Early / midseason

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sun or partial shade, preferably in nutrient-rich and well-drained soil

Holsteiner Cox 

Holsteiner is an apple variety and originates in Germany. The flesh of this apple is coarse, firm, juicy and sour. The apple ripens in November and can then be stored for a couple of months.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating / cooking / cider

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Ingrid Marie apple

Classic apple that gives a rich harvest of red, sweet and sour fruits with a nice, aromatic taste

Rating: 5

Use: To eat as it is or cook

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Thrives best in warm and sunny location. Planted in well-drained, nutritious and rich soil

James Grieve 

James Grieve comes from Scotland – Edinburgh. James Grieve is a free pollination of Pot x Cox Orange Pippin which was formed in 1880. James Grieve is or has been suitable for cultivation in plantations / gardens. The apple is mainly an eating apple.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating / cooking / cider

Maturation: Early

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Katy / Katja apple

Katja comes from Sweden from Balsgård. The variety is also known by the synonyms Katy. Katja is a cross between James Grieve x Worcester Pearmain formed in 1947. Katja is or has been suitable for cultivation in plantations / gardens.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating

Maturation: Early

Harvest: Medium

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Knobby Russet apple

Dessert apple. Sweet, spiced with flavors of nuts, pears and lemon. Often used for cider production but can be eaten as is. Can be stored until February / March.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating or making cider

Maturation: midseason / late

Harvest: medium / small

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5) 

Habitat: Sun or partial shade, preferably in nutrient-rich and well-drained soil

Maglemer apple

Fruit usually small. Light yellow with red streaks. White, fine, juicy, tender, sweet and slightly sour meat with fine aroma. Tolerated by many allergy sufferers.

Rating: 5

Use: Suitable as an eating apple, in the kitchen, and for drinks such as cider

Maturity: midseason / Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3

Habitat: Sunny. Well-drained deep nutritious soil

Major Apple

Origin in South Devon. Once a commonly grown variety in some of the old farms of Devon and Somerset. The trees are quite powerful. The fruit is of medium size. Produces a good bittersweet cider.

Rating: 5

Usage: cider

Maturity: midseason

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Öland’s King Apple

The variety is of unknown origin, it was common in many gardens on Öland and around Kalmar below 19th century under the name “Kungsäpple”. The fruit is medium-sized with a conical shape and round in the cross section. The color is characteristic dark red. It ripens in late September and sticks Christmas. It has a sweet, slightly sour taste. The tree can grow very large.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating / cooking

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Ribston Pippin apple

Stored until April. Ancestor of the famous cox orange

Rating: 4

Use: Eat, cook, cider 

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Medium

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sunny, not too wet. Needs pollination.

Red Pigeon Apple (Also: Fire Red Dove Apple)

Entered the trade in the 1870s. The apple has been grown in southern Sweden instead of Öland’s king apple. The fruit is small, ovate and at full maturity has a beautiful deep red color. Very nice taste. Used as a Christmas tree apple.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating or in compote, must, syrup or cooking.

Maturity: Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sunny. Preferably with a little protection against wind

Red cinnamon apple

Red cinnamon originally comes from Russia from Saratov. Formed before 1915. The variety is or has been very little cultivated or not cultivated at all.

Rating: 4

Use: For eating / cooking

Maturity: Medium

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil

Summerred apple

A nice autumn variety that is suitable both for use in cooking and as an eating apple. Summerred has a red and decorative peel and a crispy and juicy flesh.

Rating: 5

Use: For cooking and as an eating apple

Maturity: midseason

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sun or partial shade, preferably in nutrient-rich and well-drained soil 

Sunrise apple

Originates from Canada and is the result of a cross between, among others: McIntosh and Golden Delicious. A beautiful yellow-red apple with a crispy, juicy flesh and a nice sour-sweet taste. An excellent must apple. It is wonderful in salads and in desserts such as cheese, sorbet and ice cream. Also suitable in the salty kitchen

Rating: 5

Use: For eating, or use in the kitchen

Maturity: midseason

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sun. Preferably well-drained soil

Striped Beefing apple

If stored well, apples will last until April or May of the following spring. It makes a rich, healthy and creamy puree and a tasty, baked apple.

Rating: 5

Use: For cooking or eating

Maturation: midseason / late

Harvest: 

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sun or partial shade, preferably in nutrient-rich and well-drained soil

Sylvia apple

Swedish origin. A cross between Gyllenkrok’s astrakhan and Worcester parmes. The apple that is medium-sized has an almost pink and yellow shell, and the shell is slightly fat. The flesh of the apple is juicy, relatively firm and slightly sweet and sour. Short shelf life.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating

Maturation: Early

Harvest: Medium

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sunny. Well-drained deep nutritious soil.

Signe Tillisch Riit’s apple

Beautiful tasty apple with thin, fat and shiny skin. Yellowish white, tender and juicy flesh with a fine balance of sweetness and acidity and a faint nutty aroma. Can be used for Christmas.

Rating: 5

Use: For eating

Maturity: midseason / Late

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-3 (4 + 5)

Habitat: Sunny. Nutritious, rich in soil and well-drained soil

Tremlett’s bitter apple

Tremletts Bitter is originally from England, Devon. Tremletts Bitter is a seedling. The variety is or has been grown very little or not at all. The apple is used for must / cider.

Rating: 5

Use: Cider

Maturity: Medium

Harvest: Good

Hardiness: Zone 1-5

Habitat: Sun, nutritious soil